The Roots of U.S. Middle East Policy and Its Failure

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Dr. Mahmoud Vaezi
14 December 2008


The U.S. leaders began the post-Cold War era in 1991 with extensive attacks on Iraq in the framework of operations aiming at the liberation of Kuwait. These operations, as revealed later, were a prelude for more extensive interventions by the U.S. in a region which posed the most serious challenges to U.S. hegemonic efforts in the international system.

The Islamic resurgence which began with the advent of the Islamic Revolution in Iran along with the continuation of resistance in the Palestinian occupied territories and the growth of extremist currents in the Middle East led the U.S. to develop some plans for facing these challenges. This article studies U.S. policies toward the Middle East, challenges facing the U.S. in this region, and the reasons for the failure of U.S policies and approaches to the region.

Source: Diplomatic Hamshahri, No. 21, January 2008

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