Building Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf: The Multual Role of the New Iraq and Regional Countries

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Dr. Mahmoud Vaezi
14 January 2010

The International Importance of the Persian Gulf

–      Geo – Strategic Situation

–      Vast Energy Sources

–      Connection with International Security

The New Iraq: Definitions and Scenarios

    1. Revival of Its Past Aggressive Role and Hegemonic Behavior
    2. Formation of an Iraq with Peaceful and Cooperative Foreign Policy

Challenges Facing the New Iraq

Military – Security Challenges

  • Foreign Challenges:

–      Penetration of Terrorist Agents from Some Neighboring Countries

–      Lack of Effective Security Cooperation with Neighboring Countries

  • Domestic Challenges:

–      Existence and Activities of Domestic Terrorist Agents

»      Remnants of Baath Regime

»      Opponents of the Democratic Structure of the New Iraq

Political Challenges

–      Negative Mentality of Some Regional Arab Countries towards the new Political Structure

–      Interference of Some Regional Countries for Changing the Democratic Political Structure

–      Impact of Past Differences with Neighbors on Iraq’s Relations with Them in the New Era

–      Iraq’s Need for International Supports, Especially for Being Excluded from the Seventh Chapter of UN Charter

Economic Challenges

–      Low Volume of Foreign Investment Due to the Lack of Security

–      Necessity of the Reconstruction of Its Economic Infrastructure

–      No Resolution for Its Foreign Debts and War Reparations

–      No Adequate Economic Structure

Mutual Responsibilities of Iraq and Regional Countries in Building Security

a)      Iraq’s Responsibility Towards the Regional Countries:

  • Removal of Security Concerns of Neighboring countries by Concluding Security Agreements
  • Acting with Responsibility and Respecting Border Treaties
  • Settlement of Past Differences
  • Understanding Regional Concerns about the Presence of Foreign Forces
  • Avoiding the Spread of Differences into the Areas Outside the Region

b) Regional Countries’ Responsibilities Towards Iraq

  • Non – interference of Regional Countries, Especially Iraq’s Neighbors in Its Internal Affairs
  • Respecting the Constitution and Popular Vote
  • Acceptance of Iraq’s New Political Regime and Normalization of Bilateral Relations with This Country
  • Helping the Enhancement of the Security of Borders and Building Security in Iraq

Cooperating for Iraq’s Economic Development

Iran’s Approach to Iraq and the Persian Gulf

  • Supporting the New Political Process and the Integrity of Iraq
  • Helping the Establishment of Peace and Security in Iraq
  • Making Efforts for Consolidating a Democratic and Moderate Political System in Iraq
  • Helping Iraq to Play a Positive and Constructive Regional Role
  • Supporting the Establishment of Collective Security Arrangements in the Persian Gulf


  • Restoring the Conferences of Iraq’s Neighbors at the Foreign Ministers Level for Building Stability in Iraq
  • Establishing a Permanent Intelligence Committee for Struggling Against Terrorism and Extremism
  • Multilateral Confidence – Building in the Persian Gulf to Pave the Way for the Withdrawal of Foreign Forces
  • Expanding Collective Economic Cooperation Including Signing Free Trade Agreement with the Participation of Iran, Iraq and PGCC
  • Mutual Respect for Border Treaties and Regional Countries’ Integrity
  • Formulating a Cultural Strategy for Resolving Ethnic Disputes
  • Commitment of Regional Countries to Control Media and to Encourage the Peaceful Co-Existence of Different Religions
  • Expanding Collective Technical Cooperation